Statewide Pedestrian Master Plan And Hawaii Pedestrian Toolbox
To complement other programs that address pedestrian safety, the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) prepared a community-based Statewide Pedestrian Master Plan (Plan) for the state’s highway system. The Plan’s comprehensive approach not only focuses on improving pedestrian safety, it evaluates ways to enhance pedestrian mobility and accessibility to help create a multi-modal transportation system. The Plan serves as one component of implementing the HDOT’s mission to provide a safe, efficient and accessible highway system. The Plan also prioritizes pedestrian infrastructure improvements and programs, promotes the Complete Streets vision for the state, and fulfills federal requirements for multimodal planning. Pedestrian Plan Appendix.
The Hawaii Pedestrian Toolbox, a companion document to this Plan, was developed to identify best practices in designing for pedestrian safety, mobility, and accessibility. Topics include layout of sidewalks, presence and timing of pedestrian crossing signals, access management along roadways, and intersection design. The Hawaii Pedestrian Toolbox will serve as a resource for planners and designers as they consider pedestrians during design.
Introductory Sections: The Hawaii Pedestrian Toolbox starts out with an Introduction and sections on How to Use the Toolbox, Pedestrians in Hawaii, and General Characteristics and Needs of Pedestrians. The How to Use the Toolbox section discusses the difference between standards and guidelines and how the Toolbox is to be used in relationship with other adopted standards and guidelines. The sections on Pedestrians in Hawaii and General Characteristics and Needs of Pedestrians present statistics on Hawaii’s pedestrians as well as the characteristics of pedestrian travel and pedestrian trip lengths. It also includes a section on understanding pedestrian characteristics and needs in Hawaii.
Section 1: Thinking about Pedestrians from the Start—Creating Pedestrian Friendly Communities provides planning level guidance that can be applied on a community-wide or district-wide basis. This section encourages practitioners to consider pedestrian needs as part of all planning and design and to address those needs integrally and holistically as part of every project.
Section 2: Pedestrian-Friendly Streets summarizes best practices related to accommodating pedestrians in street design, including Hawaii’s principles related to Complete Streets and sustainable streets. The section also presents guidance related to how to organize the pedestrian realm within street and roadway rights-of-way.
Section 3: Accessibility addresses considerations related to compliance with ADA and PROWAG requirements applicable to pedestrian facilities. The measures presented in this section are provided to ensure that these facilities can accommodate the elderly, the hearing impaired, and the visually impaired.
Section 4: Sidewalks and Walkways covers specific guidance related to their design based on their function, location, and usage. Considerations in determining the need of sidewalks and walkways are also presented here.
Section 5: Intersections and Crossings focuses specifically on the design of locations where pedestrians cross streets and roadways, as well as grade-separated crossings. These locations are especially important because pedestrians are extremely vulnerable due to their proximity to vehicles.
Section 6: Pedestrian Access to Transit addresses best practices for creating a seamless connection between pedestrian and transit modes of transportation.
Section 7: Shared Use Paths covers design practices related to trails and paths that are shared by pedestrians and bicyclists. Specific topics addressed include plans for local and regional connectivity, the difference between shared use paths and recreation trails and path components, dimensions, and other design treatments.
Section 8: Children and School Zones addresses considerations related to enhancing school walking routes and pedestrian access to and from schools. This section will address special considerations related to children and how to improve student pedestrian safety.
Section 9: Special Pedestrian Districts and Site Design for Pedestrians provides guidance for pedestrian-friendly site design and creating special pedestrian districts.
Section 10: Effective Pedestrian Programs addresses education, enforcement, encouragement, evaluation, and equity as part of pedestrian planning, design, and operations. The influences of the built environment and infrastructure are summarized.
Section 11: Safety in Work Zones and Maintenance covers best practices related to maintenance of pedestrian facilities, as well as actions to enhance pedestrian mobility and safety in construction zones.